People who made a difference in History
Of all the names associated with the Underground Railroad, Harriet Tubman's is the most legendary. Called the black "Joan of Arc," she is credited with personally escorting three hundred slaves to freedom on more than twenty separate missions. Such missions entailed hundreds of miles of walking, navigating through rough terrain, outwitting professional slave catchers and evading hunting dogs. An abolitionist of the nineteenth century. Born a slave on a Maryland plantation, then became an escaped slave herself. She escaped to the North in 1849 via the Underground Railroad. She became the most renowned conductor of its time. During the Civil War, she served as a nurse, scout, and spy for the Union army. Believing herself guided by God on her missions, Tubman and her 100% success rate made her a legend. Prior to and during the Civil War, a $40,000 reward was offered for her arrest. Tubman settled in Auburn, New York and died there in 1913.
Aug 21, 1789 to Jan 25, 1871
Thomas Garrett was an abolitionist and leader in the Underground Railroad movement before the American Civil War. Garrett was born into a prosperous landowning Quaker family on their homestead called "Thornfield" in Delaware County, Pennsylvania. In a family already inclined to abolitionism, Thomas was exceptionally dedicated. When a family servant was kidnapped by men who planned to sell her as a slave in the South, he tracked them down and released her.
In 1820 Garrett moved to Delaware, a slave state, and continued his abolitionist work. The state of Maryland put up a 10,000 dollar reward for his arrest. By his own estimation, Garrett helped more than 2700 slaves gain their personal freedom. Garrett is buried in Wilmington Delaware at the Quaker Meeting House on Fourth Street. Garrett died on January 25, 1871. He stipulated that he was to be carried to his grave by African Americans.
African-American History Makers
The August Quarterly
The “Big Quarterly” known today as the “August Quarterly” is the oldest continuous celebrated African Festival in the nation, first celebrated in 1814 and every year since. Pastor Jimmie Knox from Mother African Union Church 800 block of French St. He purchased his own freedom. He founded the Union Church of African Members. There were delegates from 600 churches representing more than 25,000 members from the USA and Canada. They assembled annually in Wilmington during the last weekend in August.The PA Railroad built was built in 1881 at the Riverfront on South Market Street and Rosa Parks Drive. The Underground Railroad conductors were
John Hunn and Samuel D. Burris.
Mother African Union Church is
at 810 N. Franklin Street -
Pastor Lawrence M. Livingston
Martin Luther King, Jr.
January 15, 1929 to April 4, 1968
An African-American clergyman and political leader of the twentieth century; the most prominent member of the civil rights movement. King became famous in the 1950s and 1960s through his promotion of nonviolent methods of opposition to segregation, such as boycotts of segregated city buses, or sit-ins at lunch counters that would not serve black people. His “ Letter from Birmingham Jail” defended this kind of direct, nonviolent action as a way of forcing people to take notice of injustice. King helped organize the march on Washington in 1963 that drew hundreds of thousands of supporters of civil rights to Washington, D. C., for a mass rally. At this march, he described a possible future of racial harmony in his most famous speech, which had the refrain “ I have a dream.” In 1964, he received the Nobel Prize for peace. King was assassinated by James Earl Ray in 1968.
At age forty-three, Kennedy was the youngest person to be elected president in American history. A Democratic party political leader of the twentieth century; he was president from 1961 to 1963. In his inaugural address, he challenged the nation, "Ask not what your country can do for you; ask what you can do for your country." He strongly supported space exploration and the civil rights movement.
In 1963, demands by African Americans for equal civil and economic rights increased. Racial protests and demonstrations took place all over the United States. On August 28, 1963 more than 200,000 people staged a freedom march in Washington D.C. to demonstrate their demands for equal rights for blacks. Kennedy asked Congress to pass legislation requiring hotels, motels, and restaurants to admit customers regardless of race. He also asked congress to grant the attorney general authority to begin court suits to desegregate schools on behalf of private citizens unable to start legal action themselves.
Louis L. Redding
Advocate for Equality
Advocate for Equality
Louis Lorenzo Redding
He was a prominent lawyer and civil rights advocate from Wilmington, Delaware. Redding, the first African American to be admitted to the Delaware bar in 1929. He is a Pioneer in the struggle for equality and tireless advocated in Civil Rights cases. He successfully represented victims of Racial Discrimination in a series of Landmark cases. He gave a new meaning to the concept of equality under the law. In 1950, courts of Delaware Parker vs. University of Delaware established the rights to an unsegregated college.
In 2009, the Redding House Foundation opened the Redding House Museum in his childhood home in Wilmington.
Frederick Douglass Circa
1818 to February 20, 1895
Fredrick Douglass (born Frederick Augustus Washington Bailey, was an American abolitionist, women's suffragist, editor, orator, author, statesman, minister and reformer. Escaping from slavery, he made strong contributions to the abolitionist movement, and achieved a public career that led to his being called "The Sage of Anacostia" and "The Lion of Anacostia". Douglass is one of the most prominent figures in African American and United States history. He was a firm believer in the equality of all people, whether black, female, Native American, or recent immigrant. He was fond of saying, "I would unite with anybody to do right and with nobody to do wrong."
Dr. Al O. Plant, Sr.
Above is where Mrs. Plant and her husband lived.
The street was renamed after them.
Below is what the St. Francis Hospital looked
like back in the 60's.
Reverend Dr. Maurice F. Moyer
August 8, 1918 - March 6, 2012
Leonard L. Williams a Celebration of Life
Leonard L. Williams
Justice Center Naming Ceremony
Kester I. H. Crosse was born in Port of Spain, Trinidad West Indies on October 17th, 1945. He is the fifth of seven children of Reverend S. Winston Crosse and Iris E. Crosse. The Crosse family immigrated to the United States in 1957 and resisted in Maryland and Delaware.
Mr.Crosse is presently married to Candace B. Crosse and is the father of two (2) adult children, Kester I. H. Crosse II M.D., and Iris V.A. Crosse. He has three grandchildren, Kaila, Kester III, and Kameron.
Mr. Crosse attended the William C. Jason High School and graduated in 1963. He received a B.S. in finance from the University of Delaware in 1967 and after a two (2) year stint in the United States Army, 1968 to 1970, as a Transportation Officer he returned to Wilmington and was employed by the
Wilmington Trust Company. Mr. Crosse then attended the Tuck School at Dartmouth College where he received his Master of Business Administration degree in 1972 and a J.D. degree from the University of
Virginia in 1975.
Carolyn Bailey (left) is the Granddaughter of Frederic Douglas. (Above) are her children, nieces & nephews. They all are related to Louis L Redding as well, being Douglas and Redding were related.